first thing the settlers did when they arrived at their destination on the frontier was to claim
or buy land. In the 1830s and 40s, land was about $2 an acre
around the Great Lakes and in Oregon and California.
Homestead Act, which offered 160 acres for free (with certain
requirements), made settlement on the prairies most attractive.
Some people loved their life as a pioneer. Others found life too
harsh and headed home.