The New Deal
The Great Depression was the worst depression in American history. It began in 1929 and did not end until World War II. Things were a mess when FDR (Franklin D. Roosevelt) was elected US President in 1932. Over 28% of the population was out of work. Nearly every bank in the United States had failed. People were starving. Things were desperate.
Immediately upon taking office, FDR and Congress introduced 50 new laws, sweeping reforms called the "The New Deal". New federal agencies were created to provide relief, recovery, and reform (the 3Rs.) FDR used his "Fireside Chats" on the radio to keep people informed and encouraged.
Deal programs were implemented, things did improve. But the Great Depression did
not end. New Deal programs were expanded. More programs were added. Some programs were a waste of Congressional
funding. Others were excellent. Some are still in place today.
See Also: The Great Depression